At the end of World War II, the South African economy boomed. Many new immigrants came to South Africa from Europe. South Africa’s racial diversity increased enormously in the late 1940s. However, an interesting ethnocultural situation emerged where most poor suburbs were racially mixed, with poor blacks and whites living together, although the wealthy suburbs were usually white. This status quo changed with the election of the National Party and ethnic Dutch Prime Minister Dr Hendrik Verwoerd in 1948, who began to formalize a system known as apartheid. Verwoerd described the policy as “calculated to provide the same opportunities to everyone.” Apartheid provided guidance to where each race could reside under the Group Areas Act.            Consequently, Johannesburg and other major cities were divided into white and black suburbs. The white suburbs were mostly wealthy, and developed in the nicest areas in the Johannesburg region. Black people tended to settle tribally in rustic but poorly developed townships, or in improverished suburbs out of view of white suburbs. Gleaming office towers and residential blocks were erected in Johannesburg’s Central Business District (CBD) as the city developed a reputation as Africa’s financial capital, drove domestic business growth, and boasted Africa’s tallest skyscraper.            However, the international community had growing qualms over South Africa’s sociologic policies. In the 1980s, oppressive international sanctions and a poor security situation, resulting from a judicial backlog on separation law violations, led to a large contraction in the economy. The previous owners of buildings in the CBD, including those of Africa’s best known skyscrapers, abandoned them as their value decreased. When the Group Areas Act was repealed in 1992, there was a mass migration of former township dwellers to buildings in the CBD and surrounding areas, which caused crime rates to increase dramatically. Many businesses that had not closed their CBD offices left for Northern suburbs, particularly Sandton, where a burgeoning and trendy new financial district was emerging.             By the late 1990s, the amount of business and population of the northern suburbs increased exponentially, while the CBD was abandoned and eschewed as a "no-go zone." Many suburbs near the CBD also felt the demographic change. Under apartheid, centrally located upper middle class suburbs like Yeoville and Hillbrow were among the nicest postal codes in Johannesburg. After 1992, they became mostly black and dangerous within the space of two years.

Question #00010


Given the information in the passage, if the Group Areas Act (line 22-23) remained in force, which of the following outcomes would most likely occur?





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