The head of West German counter-intelligence had been unmasked as an East German spy in August 1985. Hans-Joachim Tiedge's treachery became known after he defected to East Germany. The spy chief's defection was made public by the East German authorities in a shocking announcement. They also revealed that in the 18 months prior they had arrested nearly 170 West German agents in East Germany after acting on intelligence from Mr Tiedge. When security officials searched Mr Tiedge's home in Cologne they found a plethora of top-secret documents and dossiers. The West German Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, described the former spy chief's defection as "catastrophic". In what was rapidly turning into the biggest spy scandal in recent West German history, three other key government staff also disappeared. A link to Mr Tiedge's defection appeared inevitable. Questions were raised soon after about the recently-appointed head of the Federal Information Service, Herbert Hellenbroich, who until last month was Mr Tiedge's boss. Mr Hellenbroich repeatedly resisted efforts to get Mr Tiedge removed from his post in spite of a serious drink problem. Recruiting Hans-Joachim Tiedge was the latest coup for the Russian-born head of the Stasi, East Germany's spy service, Markus Wolff. A few years ago an East German defector put the number of eastern spies operating in West Germany at 3,000 - including a large number of women. Many of them were believed to be so-called "secretary-spies" recruited under an initiative of Mr Wolff's which targeted single women working in the West German administrative capital, Bonn. They were supplied with "suitors" - East German agents - who persuaded them to spy on their ministerial bosses. One such agent was Leonore Suetterlin, a foreign ministry worker wooed for months by a "photographer". She subsequently married him and joined the payroll of the KGB, the USSR’s spy service. She committed suicide soon after being uncovered. In the Tiedge aftermath, a number of Bonn secretaries came under scrutiny. One of them - Herta-Astrid Willner - worked in Chancellor Kohl's office. Shortly afterwards she and her husband defected to the East. The previous year a secretary in the West German president's office was revealed to have been seditious for at least 15 years. The artificial border erected in 1961 that divided the German nation into East and West meant that it was relatively easy for agents to operate for years without causing suspicion.

Question #0005


1.      The following are examples of individuals involved in Western espionage presented in the passage: I.                   Director of the Federal Information ServiceII.                Director of the StasiIII.             Secretary to the President of West Germany





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