In March 1998, Natascha Kampusch was snatched from a Vienna street as she walked to school. For eight long years, she was held in a cellar she believed to be rigged with explosives. Her only human contact was with her abductor, Wolfgang Priklopil, who effectively brought her up. He provided her with clothes, food, and helped her with her studies.             But in August 2006, Natascha escaped. An elderly neighbor of the man she had to call "master" found the 18-year-old, pale and in distress, and called the police. Natascha was soon reunited with her parents. However, after an initial reunion in which she asked “Is my toy car still there?” she spurned further contact with her parents.            Ms Kampusch's captor killed himself after her escape. Kampusch wept inconsolably when she was told the man who imprisoned her in a soundproof, windowless cellar was dead. Austrian psychiatrists treating Kampusch suspect she may have been suffering from Stockholm Syndrome - a condition where some abductees gradually begin to sympathize with their captors. It is believed to be an adaptive coping mechanism affecting hostages’ emotional psyche when captors make token positive gestures after a few days. The syndrome was named by psychiatrist Nils Bejerot after the behavior of hostages taken during a bank robbery that shocked the public.            On August 23, 1973 two machine-gun carrying criminals entered the Kreditbanken bank in the Swedish capital. Blasting their guns, one prison escapee named Jan-Erik Olsson announced to the terrified bank employees "The party has just begun!" The two bank robbers held four hostages for the next 131 hours. The hostages were strapped with dynamite and held in a bank vault until finally rescued in a police-orchestrated gas-attack 5 days later.            After their rescue, the hostages exhibited a shocking attitude considering they were threatened, abused, and feared for their lives for over five days. In their media interviews, it was clear that they supported their captors and actually feared law enforcement personnel who came to their rescue. The hostages had begun to feel the captors were actually protecting them from the police. One woman later became engaged to one of the criminals and another developed a legal defense fund to aid in their defense. Clearly, the hostages had "bonded" emotionally with their captors.             While the psychological condition in hostage situations became known as "Stockholm Syndrome" due to the publicity – the emotional "bonding" with captors was a familiar story in psychology.

Question #0005


 The following are examples of the characteristics of Stockholm Syndrome presented in the passage: I.                   EmpathyII.                MalnutritionIII.             Eschewing family contact





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